Which was the first football club managed by Jürgen Klopp?

Of course, Jürgen Klopp is best known as the manager of Liverpool Football Club. Since his appointment at Anfield on October 8, 2015, Klopp has won six major trophies, including the Champions League, in 2018/19, and the Premier League, in 2019/20, and has been described, more than once, as the ‘best manager in football’.

Born in Stuttgart on June 16, 1967, Klopp signed for Fußball- und Sportverein (FSV) Mainz 05 in the summer of 1990 and spent the remainder of his playing career at the Rheinland-Pfalz club, initially as a forward and later as a defender. In February, 2001, with Mainz 05 lying second bottom in 2. Bundesliga, the second division of the Germany football league, Klopp, 33, was appointed manager, succeeding Eckhard Krautzun. At that stage, Managing Director Michael Kammerer said that he hoped that Klopp would ‘bring life back into the team’.

Klopp did exactly that, winning six of the next seven games and finishing the season on 40 points, thereby escaping relegation with a match to spare. All told, Klopp managed Mainz 05 for seven years, coming agonisingly close to promotion to the Bundesliga in both 2000/01 and 2001/02, before achieving that goal – for the first time in the history of the club – in 2003/04. Two eleventh-placed finishes followed, in 2004/05 and 2005/06, but Mainz 05 were relegated back to 2. Bundesliga. Klopp remained as manager in 2007/08 but, having narrowly missed promotion once again, resigned at the end of the season. Nevertheless, having joined Borussia Dortmund in May, 2008, Klopp won the Bundesliga twice, in 2010/11 and 2011/12.

How many times did Steve Cauthen win the Derby?

Born in Covington, Kentucky on May 1, 1960, Stephen Mark ‘Steve’ Cauthen arrived in Britain in the spring of 1979 at the invitation of legendary owner and breeder Robert Sangster. Although, by his own admission, not ‘totally comfortable’ with riding on this side of the Atlantic for the first three years, ‘The Kentucky Kid’ rode a winner at the first time of asking at Salisbury on April 7, 1979. Indeed, within a month he had won his first British Classic, the 2,000 Guineas, on Tap On Wood, trained by Barry Hills.

Cauthen first became Champion Jockey in 1984, with 130 winners but, at the start of the 1985 season, left Barry Hills to replace Lester Piggott as first jockey to Henry, later Sir Henry, Cecil. On June 5, 1985, he won the Derby for the first time on Slip Anchor, owned by Lord Howard de Walden. A ten-length winner of the Lingfield Derby Trial, Slip Anchor ‘improved a stone’ between Lingfield and Epsom, according to Cauthen, and had little trouble justifying favouritism in the Derby itself. Four lengths clear at halfway, Slip Anchor went further clear rounding Tattenham Corner and passed the post seven lengths of his nearest pursuer, Law Society.

Two years later, Cauthen won the Derby again, on Reference Point, owned by Louis Freedman, in not dissimilar fashion. Cauthen once again took the race by the scruff of the neck and, although never more than a length or two ahead, the 6/4 favourite bravely repelled challengers, the closest of which proved to be Most Welcome, who threw down a strong challenge in the closing stages. However, when asked for maximum effort, Reference Point drew away again to win by a length and a half.

Who invented basketball?

Basketball, or basket ball, as it was originally called, was invented in December, 1891 by James Naismith, who was, at the time, a physical education instructor at the International Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts. Tasked with developing a competitive activity that could be completed safely, indoors, during the winter months, Naismith drew on his knowledge of association football, gridiron football and field hockey, among other outdoor sports, to come up with his innovation.

Naismith draughted the original rules of the game, which were published, by public demand, in the YMCA campus newspaper, The Triangle, the following January. Some of them, such as those governing travelling fouls and physical contact between players, are still the basis of the modern game. The original basketball ‘hoops’ were simply two wooden peach bushel baskets nailed, ten feet off the ground, to the balcony rail at each of the gymnasium, from which the ball could be retrieved by students in the balcony following a goal. The original ball was just a regulation association football.

Naismith originally played basketball with nine players a side, simply because that was the number of students in his physical education class. He subsequently wrote that the game could be played with anything between three and 40 players a side, depending on the playing space available, but modern five-a-side basketball became enshrined in the rules as early as 1897.

The rules, and equipment, of the game continued to evolve. Backboards, to make scoring easier, were an early addition and the peach baskets were eventually replaced by a metal rims and bottomless nylon nets, which allowed the ball to pass through. Dribbling was introduced in 1901, by which time Spalding had become the official manufacturer of custom-made basketballs.

Who was the last boxer to beat Henry Cooper?

A beloved British heavyweight boxer of the post-war era, the late Sir Henry Cooper will always be best remembered for a signature left hook, a.k.a. ”Enry’s ‘ammer”, that knocked down 21-year-old Cassius Clay in the fourth round of a non-title fight at Wembley Stadium on June 18, 1963. Clay won by technical knockout in the fifth round, having opened a nasty, two-inch cut over Cooper’s right eye. In his next fight, at the Convention Center, Miami Beach on February 25, 1964, Clay – soon to become Muhammad Ali – defeated Sonny Liston to become World Boxing Association (WBA) and World Boxing Council (WBC) world heavyweight champion.

Cooper fought Clay again, for the WBC world heavyweight title, at Arsenal Football Stadium, Highbury on May 21, 1966, but was stopped in the sixth round, with another grisly cut, which later required sixteen stitches, over his left eye. That would be the first and last time that Cooper would contest a world title, but it should not be forgotten that he held British Boxing Board of Control (BBBoC) British heavyweight and Commonwealth Boxing Council heavyweight titles for twelve years and the European Boxing Union (EBU) European heavyweight title for three.

Cooper had already made the decision to retire before his last fight, against 21-year-old Joe Bugner at the Empire Pool, Wembley on March 16, 1971, for the British, Commonwealth and European titles. In any event, Cooper suffered a controversial points defeat, with referee Harry Gibbs scoring the contest 73¾- 73½ in favour of Bugner, handing victory to the challenger by just a quarter of a point. Quoted on the front page of the ‘Daily Mirror’, Cooper said, I thought it was a bad decision. I am only sorry it had to finish like this.’ At the time of his retirement, ‘Our ‘enry’, as he was known, had a career record of 55-40-14-1, including 27 knockouts. In 2000, he was knighted for his services to sport and charity and remains the only British boxer to receive such a honour.

What is the oche in darts?

In darts, the oche – pronounced ‘ockey’, as in ‘hockey’ – is a line, or raised ridge, on the floor, behind which a player must stand to complete a valid throw. In official tournament play, with steel darts, the furthest point of the oche is positioned 7 feet and 9.25 inches, or 2.37 metres, from the face of the dartboard, measured horizontally. The maximum permitted dimensions of a raised oche are 50cm x 4cm x 2cm and, while a player may stand either side, if necessary, his or her toes must remain behind an imaginary line parallel to the raised edge.

The origin of the word ‘oche’ is unknown, although it may be derived from the Old French word ‘ocher’, meaning ‘to cut a notch in’. In fact, the earliest written examples of the term, such as those found in the tournament rules for the News of the World Individual Darts Championship, which was founded in 1927, are spelt ‘hockey’ rather than ‘oche’. The Championship originally adopted a 9 feet throw-line, but the hockey length was shortened to 8 feet when play resumed following World War II.

The now-defunct British Darts Organisation (BDO) was founded in 1973 and popularised the term ‘oche’.Originally, the oche length was still 7 feet and 6 inches, as defined by the National Darts Association of Great Britain (NDAGB) in 1954. However, in 1977, the newly-founded World Darts Federation (WDF) agreed a ‘world’ standard of 7 feet and 9.25 inches, as a compromise between the NDAGB and News of the World rules, with a concession to metric measurement of oche length.